Panchakarma – Deep Cleansing Process
The deep cleansing process, unique to Ayurveda , that enables the body to release excess doshas and toxins from its cells and expel them is called Pancha karma, which basically denotes detoxification or elimination of toxins from the body.
Although the human body is considered as a great, intelligent, natural healing system capable of rejuvenating itself, the formation of toxins reduces that natural capacity. It is then that Pancha karma plays a crucial role in that correction of natural capacity of the body.
Pancha karma is holistic approach to destroy imbalances on the root level.
Pancha karma means five important purification procedures to eliminate the accumulated residues (Ama) and imbalances in the physiological operators ( doshas) responsible for both aging and chronic disease. It is not only profound in its effects but also delightful and luxurious.
Pancha karma occupies a very important place in Ayurveda Treatment and is an integral part of Ayurveda. Many diseases according to Ayurveda are the direct result of Srotorodha ( obstruction of channels) i.e. functional or anatomic diseases of internal organs particularly the G.I tract, Liver, Pancreas, Endocrine glands and Nervous system. For the management of above diseases and also for the purification of body, Pancha karma therapy is specifically indicated in Ayurveda texts. So the influence of Pancha karma therapy can be prophylactic and therapeutic.
The five main procedures "Pancha karma" are:
- Vamana — eliminating impurities through the mouth by inducing vomiting.
- Virechana — elimination of impurities by giving purgation.
- Basti - giving medicated enema.
- Nasya - the administration of medicines through nasal route.
- Raktamokshana - blood letting.
Thus Pancha karma programs consists of daily massages followed by appropriate procedures selected from a wide range of treatments, cleansing steam baths, programs for soothing and cleaning sinuses and respiratory passages and other internal purification programs.
These purification programs traditionally practiced twice yearly is refreshing and revitalizing. It has an energizing effect on the mind and strengthen the immune functions of the body. Pancha karma eliminates the doshas , cleansify the blockage and improves transportation by which doshas come back to their original place to perform normal function.
When imbalances appear in the body, it obstructs digestion process, it decreases effectiveness of absorption and assimilation. As a result Ama is appearing. Ama means toxins, sticky in nature, with the time it appear in each cell of the body and worsen the cell function and accelerate aging. At the beginning purification procedures of Pancha karma separates toxins from cells and then removes them out through excretory organs such as intestine, urine path and sweat glands.
In each Pancha karma therapy there is a first part called Poorva Karma (preparatory procedures) which is of two types
- Snehana - oleation therapy
- Swedana - fomentation therapy.
Second part of Pancha karma is called Pradhana karma .
It consists of five essential purifactory therapies, namely:
- RAKTA MOKSHANA
Third part of Pancha karma is called Paschat karma - a crucial follow-up therapies that include diet, medication and life style.
After poorva karma, five main procedures are carried out which are called as Pradhana karma, such as Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya and Rakta mokshana.
After main procedures, every individual is given advises as a follow up therapy which is called as Paschat karma. Advises are given regarding diet, personal hygiene, daily routine, seasonal routine, appropriate behavior, medicines etc.
In between each Pradhana karma, Snehana and swedana should be administered which enhances the effect of the Pradhana karma procedures.